Flora and Wildlife
For the naturalist, Greenland is full of surprises. Over 500 species of plant and several thousand mosses, lichen and fungi make up the typically Arctic flora. Among them are beautiful saxifrages and Arctic poppies which lend a splash of colour to the landscape in the summer (particularly July/August, dependent on the snowmelt). There are no trees in Greenland - just a few dwarf willow and birch shrubs that grow in sheltered localities in the south.
Along with the reindeer, the musk ox is one of the land mammals which travellers have the greatest chance of seeing, especially in the vicinity of Kangerlussuaq. The polar bear is a rare visitor to inhabited areas, and is often seen in remote hunting grounds in North and East Greenland. Wolves, Arctic foxes, mountain hares and other small land mammals are also found, but are not often seen close to civilisation.
Around 60 species of bird breed in Greenland, including the white-tailed sea eagle. Whales can be seen all around Greenland, particularly during the summer months. It is most common to see fin, humpback and minke whales. In addition species such as the bowhead, blue and sperm whale also frequent Greenlandic waters.